Lima, the capital of Peru, was founded on January 18th, 1535. Francisco Pizarro called Lima «the City of the Kings». Lima emerged on the native cacique Taulichusco lands. Nowadays, after almost 5 centuries, Lima has turned into a modern, emerging and developed city that at the same time preserves proudly its convents and colonial buildings, as well as the richness of its historic center that has been declared by UNESCO as Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
Ancient city has beautiful architectural jewels. For example, the Cathedral of Lima, that was built the same day of the city’s founding, the San Francisco Church and Convent and the San Pedro and Santo Domingo Churches. In addition, the big old houses like La Casa Aliaga that was built over the chapel of the native cacique Taulichusco, as well as the big old house of Goyeneche or house of Rada and the magnificent Torre Tagle Palace from the XVIII century.
Lima also has pre-Hispanic archaeological remains like the Great Sanctuary of Pachacamac where the Pachacamac god was worshiped, and also the Huaca Pucllana (400 a.c) located in Miraflores district. Miraflores is an important administrative center in Lima.
Lima gathers its colonial past, the indigenous culture from which it inherited its name from the Aimara word Limac-Huayta, as well as the modernity that focuses on the future.
Lima, the capital of Peru, was founded on January 18th, 1535 by Francisco Pizarro under the name of the City of Kings. It was declared as the capital of Peru’s viceroyalty and seat of the Royal Court in 1543. By the 17th century, despite the frequent earthquakes and pirate threats, Lima experiences a growth due to an extensive commercial network. This boom ends in the 18th century due to the city’s economic downturn and to the Bourbon Reforms.
After the Independence of Peru, Lima became the country`s capital. It had a short prosperity period in the mid-19th century until the arrival of the Chileans in the War of the Pacific (1879-1883).
After the war, the city had an accelerated growth in terms of territory and demography due to the immigration from different regions of the country.
Lima is located in the country’s central coast on the shore of the Pacific Ocean and on the banks of the Rimac river (Rimac is a Quechua word that means talkative). Lima is the only coastal capital in South America.
It shares border with Ancash at the north, with Huanuco, Pasco and Junin at the east, Ica and Huancavelica at the south and with the Pacific Ocean and the Constitutional Province of Callao at the west.
Lima has an area of 35,892.49 km2 and has 9,485,405 inhabitants and a population density of 242.4 pop./km².
Lima’s geography is the most Andean of the zone. It has steep slopes between its beaches and the highest peaks. For example, the Pasamayo cliff is almost 1,000 m. a. s. l. and it reaches the ocean almost vertically. Lima has valleys at the north and south of the city.
Lima has all types of activities. In this section we will briefly tell you about the most relevant according to the type of trip you’re looking for:
The most important museums:
Lima is also a great place for birdwatchers, we can find more than 50 bird species here.
The following dates are celebrated in Lima:
with a military parade and some dances.
Creole Song Day (Día de la Canción Criolla) October 31st: It is celebrated in a “peña” or in a restaurant with a music and dance show.
Lima is the gastronomic capital of America. It has three restaurants on the 50 best restaurant list of the Restaurant magazine.
During the last decades, Peruvian food has been among the best of the world, creating a whole experience on a dish. Central (number 4 on the list), Maido (number 14 on the list) and Astrid & Gastón (number 13 on the list) consolidate Peru as a gastronomic destination worldwide.
You will find all kinds of flavors to taste in Lima:
Italian food (pasta) with a Peruvian touch.
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